RAILWAY STATION SANTA MARIA NOVA - FLORENCE
Stazione Santa Maria Novella - Firenze
Florence’s Santa Maria Novella Station, the city’s main railway station, dominates the city. The others are less important, such as : Stazione Rifredi, Campo di Marte, Grandi Stazione, and other smaller transit stations. In the Tuscany region, in the district, Santa Maria Novella, of the same name as the railway station: in the very centre of Florence. Giovanni Michelucci directed the project as an architect in the 1930s. The project was approved and under the direction of fascist personalities: project confirmed by Benito Mussolini. Approved in part because it was based on rationalist architecture. Rationalism is based on the study of a project that is not based on archaic beliefs considered to be baroque, but on a scientific basis and reason: hence the term rationality. A railway station that was on the very site of the new one, named “Maria Antonia”, was destroyed in order to build it. The station is a “cul-de-sac” station, the tracks rise up and have no exits. From the inside you can see the atrium, which is entirely covered with steel and glass. The station is home to works of art such as sculptures by Italo Griselli as well as paintings by Ottone Rosai and Mario Romoli. These are not the only features that evoke the uniqueness of Florence. The typical “pietra forte” stones used as exterior cladding were used for other Florentine monuments such as Palazzo Vecchio and no less than 17 other monuments in the city.