TERMINI STATION - ROME
Stazione Termini - Roma
Rome’s Termini station was designed since 1867 by Salavatore Bianchi and replaced by another structure on the occasion of the Universal Exhibition. It took place in 1942. The second structure had difficulty continuing due to the Second World War, which cancelled the exhibition and therefore the progress of the work. After the fall of Benito Mussolini in 1943, the architect Angiolo Mazzoni changed the progress by having two wings one kilometre long built. In 1947, Eugene Montuori and Annibale Vitellozzi were given the green light for the station project, which opened in 1951. The architect Salvatore Bianchi was inspired by the Gare de l’Est railway station in Paris. The similarity is the main structure in the centre and the two wings on the left and right so as to have an opening for each of them. The mixture between the classical architecture of Salvatore Bianchi and the modernist architecture during the 1950s makes the whole homogeneous and the contrast non-differential. Although Mussolini had been erased from all shores, the aim was not to make a complete break with the past. For this, the architects chose an organic style. The aim was to give Italians a democratic vision and a break with the past. The Mazzoniana wing in Via Giolitti has become a multifunctional centre with space for public services, events, well-being and culture. Termini is in fact the only Italian railway station that can boast of having a “museum”: on the upper floor of the Termini wing is the “GATE Termini Art Gallery”, an exhibition space that has hosted important exhibitions such as the one dedicated to Guercino or the one dedicated to Caravaggio.